Researchers, institutions, funding agencies, publishers, assessment agencies, public authorities, whistleblowers, research integrity officers, etc. There are many stakeholders who contribute to the respect of rules guaranteeing an honest, rigorous, reliable and credible research activity.
In France, the Research Programming Law (LPR) of 2020 marked the transition from “soft law” measures (for example, signing the French Charter of Ethics for Research Professions) to the existence of a legal reference that is valid for all, article L211-2 of the Research Code.
The decree of December 3, 2021 implementing this law sets out the obligations of institutions and defines the missions of research integrity officers.
The Law has entrusted Hcéres (High Council for the Evaluation of Research and Higher Education) with new missions in the field of research integrity, which Ofis is responsible for implementing (see Ofis’ missions).
Research integrity officers (RIS)
At the heart of the system for promoting and protecting research integrity, the referents are appointed by their institutions, which must provide them with the means to carry out their missions. In France, the RIS participate in developing the institution’s policy in terms of research integrity, advise staff, and receive reports of alleged misconducts, which they investigate impartially and confidentially.
In France, a few dates
Charte française de déontologie des métiers de la recherche.
Corvol Report. Order on doctoral training in research ethics and scientific integrity.
Circular letter (Mandon): creation of Ofis as a department of Hcéres, obligation for institutions to appoint research integrity officers.
Law on research programming (LPR): enshrining of a defintion of research integrity in the legal framework (Research Code).
Decree of December 3, 2021 on research integrity: definition of the obligations of institutions and the missions of research integrity officers.
Issues and perspectives in research integrity according to Pierre Corvol, from the Academy of Sciences
January 15, 2019